CCD cameras take an image using a CCD sensor. The term "CCD camera" is used in the context of industrial cameras, as well as in the context of consumer cameras. In the old days, "CCD camera" was used to distinguish between cameras based on pickup tubes or film spools.
Today, we have to distinguish between CCD cameras and CMOS cameras. Meanwhile, the vast majority of consumer cameras are CMOS based. In contrast, the majority of industrial cameras are CCD based.
What are the advantages of CCD cameras?
While consumer cameras fitted with CCD sensors are considered to be outdated, many industrial USB cameras, FireWire cameras and GigE cameras still use them. On the one hand, they are long-lasting capital goods, on the other CCD sensors (still) have some advantages: